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Helper Home » Media Types

Media Types

CD & DVD Media :

DVDs and CDs are similar and made using some of the same materials and manufacturing methods. CD and DVD data is encoded in the form of small pits and bumps in the track of the disc.

The discs are composed of several layers of plastic, totaling about 1.2 millimeters thick. Each layer is created by injection molding polycarbonate plastic. This process forms a disc that has microscopic bumps arranged as a single, continuous and extremely long spiral track of data.

Once the clear pieces of polycarbonate are formed, a thin reflective layer is sputtered onto the disc, covering the bumps. Aluminum is used behind the inner layers, but a semi-reflective gold layer is used for the outer layers, allowing the laser to focus through the outer and onto the inner layers. After all of the layers are made, each one is coated with lacquer, squeezed together and cured under infrared light. For single-sided discs, the label is silk-screened onto the nonreadable side. Double-sided discs are printed only on the nonreadable area near the hole in the middle.




CD+G



CD-DA



DVD



DVD+R



DVD+R



DVD+RW



DVD-Audio



DVD-R



DVD-RAM



DVD-RW



DVD±R